The phenomenon of "pressing the port" is only a reflection of the state of economic development, a form of expression. If the economy enters a stable state and economic restructuring and transformation have achieved the goal, this problem will naturally be resolved. To effectively solve this problem, stimulate consumption and expand domestic demand are the most fundamental means and methods at present. In the recent past, the words â€œpressing the portâ€, which once became very strange and far from the line of sight, have become more and more familiar and more and more attractive to the public. Iron ore, coal, and other large raw and auxiliary materials have almost overwhelmed the major ports, and have even seriously affected the normal transportation of other products. As we all know, the port is one of the â€œbarometersâ€ of the macro economy. Whether the port has a "pressing the port" phenomenon directly reflects the quality of the macroeconomic situation. Because, from the actual situation in the past few years, whenever the phenomenon of "pressing the port", especially the large-scale and long-term "pressure port" phenomenon, is a period in which the development of the national economy is relatively serious. The serious "pressure port" phenomenon that has emerged at present has not proved that the national economy has encountered serious problems. After all, the phenomenon of "pressing the port" has just emerged. However, if the phenomenon of "pressing the port" continues, and the high fever does not retreat, it cannot be taken lightly, but must be highly valued. Analysis of the causes of the phenomenon of "pressing the port" is undoubtedly a task that must be done first. So, what is the cause of the "pressure port" phenomenon so serious? First of all, the global economic downturn and the slowdown in China's economic growth are the main reasons for the phenomenon of "pressing Hong Kong". Due to the continued fermenting of the European debt crisis, the world economy, especially the developed economy, has been seriously depressed, which has greatly affected exports, leading to a decline in demand for commodities such as iron ore. At the same time, China's economic growth slowed down, and the demand for bulk commodities such as iron ore decreased significantly, which also triggered the phenomenon of â€œpressing the portâ€. Second, the regulation of the real estate market and the slowdown in urban construction are important reasons for the phenomenon of â€œpressing the portâ€. With the continuous increase in the regulation and control of the real estate market, the market has shown a phenomenon of both volume and price falling. In particular, the sales volume has been in a downturn for a year. At the same time, due to the tightening of monetary policy and the strict management and supervision of the government financing platform, although the enthusiasm of the local government for large-scale demolition and construction has not decreased, the financing methods that can be manipulated and used have narrowed, and the speed of urban construction has slowed down. In addition, the construction of railways and highways is also affected by the tightening of monetary policy, and the ability to invest is weakened. These industries are the industries most dependent on the steel industry, and will naturally be greatly affected. The demand for bulk commodities such as iron ore will fall, causing the phenomenon of â€œpressure portâ€. Third, the tightness of the â€œfunding chainâ€ of enterprises is the direct cause of the phenomenon of â€œpressing the portâ€. Under the tight monetary policy, almost all enterprises have encountered the problem of â€œfinancial chainâ€ tension, and the steel industry is naturally afraid of the market demand and bank financing is difficult, and it is unable to continue to increase inventory. It is reported that in the face of the contradiction of capital shortage, most enterprises have already put forward the requirement of â€œzero inventoryâ€. In addition, the price of iron ore is falling, which will naturally cause a "pressure port" phenomenon. Fourth, the serious overcapacity is the deep-seated cause of the phenomenon of "pressing Hong Kong". Since the beginning of the 21st century, the problem of overcapacity in the steel industry has been a problem that has caused a lot of headaches. Despite a series of regulatory measures, these measures have not achieved significant results under the prevention of local government policies. The production capacity has not only been compressed, but has become even greater. As a result, during the period of high iron ore prices, China has to pay hundreds of billions a year. Now, the demand for steel in the market is declining, and the contradiction of overcapacity will naturally become more prominent and sharper. It is not surprising that the phenomenon of "pressing the port" has occurred. Then, how can we resolve the contradiction of "pressing Hong Kong" and eliminate the phenomenon of "pressing Hong Kong"? Stabilizing economic growth, preventing economic growth from continuing to slow down, and even showing downside risks are naturally the most urgent contradictions and problems that need to be resolved. China has always achieved economic stability, social progress, and improved people's living standards in high-speed growth. Even in the event of a global financial crisis, China cannot give up the means of stabilizing economic growth. Therefore, how to maintain stable economic growth and prevent downside risks to the economy is the most important task at present. Fortunately, the CPI has seen a significant decline, and the pressure to prevent inflation has eased. Therefore, it is necessary to properly solve the problem of slowing economic growth through appropriate adjustment of policies and to resolve the downside risks that may arise in the economy. It is necessary to remind the relevant parties that since there is no solid foundation for the decline of CPI, when making adjustments to the policy, we must never adopt a â€œone size fits allâ€ approach and a bold approach, but should be cautious, flexible and fair. The focus of policy adjustment should also be placed on supporting the real economy so that the real economy can recover as soon as possible. It is necessary to increase the intensity of economic restructuring and resolve to solve the problem of severe overcapacity in the steel industry. The problem of overcapacity is not resolved, and the phenomenon of â€œpressing the portâ€ may occur at any time. Moreover, the intensive use of social resources, the reduction of energy consumption, the protection of the environment, and the compliance of emission standards will have extremely adverse effects. Therefore, we should take this opportunity to increase the structural adjustment of the steel industry and resolutely suppress the excessively high production capacity. Especially for small and medium-sized steel enterprises with high energy consumption, high consumption and serious environmental damage, the customs must be closed, and the transfer must be transferred. Only in this way can we not have the phenomenon of â€œpressing Hong Kongâ€. Considering that real estate has an important impact on the steel industry and the development of the entire economy, the author believes that in the case of maintaining the macro-control objectives unchanged and the intensity is not reduced, the current regulation and control policies should be fine-tuned so that the market does not Continue to be depressed. For example, the introduction of preferential policies for the sale of ordinary commercial housing in Beijing is one of the lessons that can be learned. Only by ensuring a stable decline in house prices and keeping the market no longer in a downturn, the regulation of the real estate market can truly achieve its goal. If we can do this, it will be of great help to eliminate the phenomenon of "pressing the port". On this basis, relevant parties must seize the opportunity to do a good job in the formation of iron ore supply mechanism and price mechanism. In particular, negotiations with several major iron ore suppliers such as Rio Tinto will be carried out. Of course, the phenomenon of "pressing the port" is only a reflection of the state of economic development, a form of expression. If the economy enters a stable state and economic restructuring and transformation have achieved the goal, this problem will naturally be resolved. To effectively solve this problem, stimulate consumption and expand domestic demand are the most fundamental means and methods at present.
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